Nature of management

What is the character of management?? On this question there has always been a discussion whether management is art or science or profession. Some say its art, some say its profession, other says it’s both science and art.
 Well so as to know this we must first attempt to understand what's the character of science art and profession, then compare an equivalent with management
Management as a science
1. Systematic body of data 
Science may be a systematic body of data meaning the theories are developed by observing and conducting experiments. In science there are many books available which may help in accruing knowledge about science
2. Universal validity
The principles of science are universally valid Example the gravity is same in Asia and Europe. 
3. Continuous observation
The principles of science are development under observations and experiments conducted by scientists in their laborites and after successful tests. they're termed/called as scientific principles.
Now let’s compare management with science 
1. Systematic body of data :
Management is additionally systematic body of data because in management there are various books and theories available on management.
 many professors, PhD’s have contributed to theories of management. it's taken time to review and analysis then come up with a theories or principles. Management has its own set of words and rules.
So we will say management is somehow associated with Science.

2. Universal validity:
Principles of management (division of labor, unity of command) are universally applicable but they're not exact as science like in science Newton’s 3 law of motion stated …… but in management we affect humans.

So, the principles of management are somehow different in every situation like higher salary motivated employees but it doesn’t always work sometimes employees are trying to find better working environment.
3. Continuous observation
The principles of management didn’t suddenly sink from sky. Principles of management were developed after various studies and observations were conducted and behavior of employees were observed within the organization. Then after a conclusion these principles were developed but again as we affect humans and behavior of humans differ these principles don’t provide an equivalent results.
Management as Art
To skillfully apply the knowledge, you already learnt to realize the results is understood as Art. In management good results depends upon how effectively you'll apply your skills that you simply already know.
The features of art are:
1. Systematic body of knowledge
In art there are various books available to accumulate knowledge a few particular skill 
Likewise, in management there are many books available which help to accumulate knowledge about management. So this feature of art is present in management 
2. Personalized application:
Only theoretical knowledge isn't enough there should be some creativity and skills that artist should have so as to represent his art. Like dancers who learnt dance from same academy performs different consistent with their own skills and creativity.
Likewise, in management every manager has learnt same theory but application of the theoretical knowledge differs from one another .
3. Practice and creativity:
In order to perform better in future every artist must do regular practice to refine his skills.
In management managers also can increase their skills by undergoing on a training course 
Conclusion: Management has some features of both art and science. Thus we will management is art but not exact science because in science we affect human behavior.


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